In order to ward off evil spirits, shoes were placed within the confines of the property. One point raised by the article is that there was four themes connecting the items recovered. They were England, fear, youth and ignorance.
- England - concealing items within property had been in existence since the 17th Century. So it does seem obvious that settlers continued the practice.
- Fear - In early times, child mortality was huge and as such parents were terrified of loosing their children to illness. Many of these illness were attributed to evil spirits.
- Many of the items found belonged to children. The belief being that youth had the advantage of being able to defend against evil spirits
- Many believed that God went to Church. Most were poorly educated and were drawn to superstition.
What is interesting is that these are the customs and superstitions that our ancestors lived under. It helps us build a further dimension to the social and domestic lives of our ancestors.